The Lion, The Tinman and The Scarecrow…

March 9, 2019

|@iTeachPri

No, I haven’t gone mad. And no, I’m not blogging about The Wizard of Oz, either. Earlier this week, I had the pleasure of listening to Hywel Roberts (@HYWEL_ROBERTS) talk at a twilight session on his reverie of adventures in teaching.

I’ve not blogged in a while and thought that this was the perfect topic to get me back into the swing of things.

Hywel Roberts, a travelling teacher as he identifies himself, spent two hours guiding us through some of his escapades and endeavours in education, at the same time as indirectly offering advice on how to teach some of the “drier” subject areas and topics.

His opening line, “pedagogy is holding a child’s hand and guided them through a challenging curriculum” immediately grabbed my attention, as, at its most basic, that’s exactly what it is. But how do you do that? How do you engage 30-something children and bring them with you on the journey…?

One of his ways… WITH A GOOD BOOK! By now, I’m putty in his hands. 

He went on to talk about teaching a bottom-set Year 10 English class in a “challenging” area of the North West of England and the book he revealed to us was one that would never have come to mind… To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Madness I hear some of you say. A recipe for disaster, maybe?

“It was the best choice I ever made…” he said, confidently. “And do you know why? Because the children (did I mentioned they were all boys?) could identify with the themes and the characters. I had some tough boys offering Atticus Finch advice on how to move forward after his defeat in a racism case.”

He went on to say that he didn’t just expose the children to the book without ‘protecting them into it’. Dipping their toes in the water of the time, the themes and the culture.

He summarised it by saying “don’t be afraid to take rich knowledge and navigate it, articulate it.”

All too often, teachers are slaves to the curriculum, when really, it should be the other way around – the curriculum should serve our needs as educators. 

This often makes children feel like “education is something that is done to you and then it eventually stops.”

Education should be about giving children the chance to be critical. 

How do we make it relevant to their lives today?

It should give children the capacity to make good choices and to negotiate.

Children spend 13% of their lives in schools so how do we make it relevant to their lives today? Hywel’s ideas are simple and clear:

Imagineering: 

Having a professional imagination

Botheredness: 

Making children engaged with their learning. For us, the professional capacity to care.

Phronesis:

Professional practical wisdom or, in other words, wise teacher values. 

Engagement is great, but will only takes you so far. Engagement at an emotional level gets investment from the children. An example of this came from a story he told:

There was once a man named James (Jimmy on a Sunday) who refused to leave his house – no matter how many letters they sent. His home was everything to him, even though the wallpaper was peeling from the walls. All his memories were there and, now she’d gone, it’s all he had to remind him of his late wife.

He then asked us (as though we were the children) what else provided memories in the home? We enthusiastically said “photographs, letters, diaries…” which paled into insignificance when he told us a 9-year-old boy once said “his wife’s half finished knitting.” WOW!

The story continued and we were now 100% emotionally invested and wanted to find out what the whole situation with Jimmy (James on a Sunday) was. 

Hywel then showed us this image:

The intake of breathe was audible. We had never imagined that this image would flash up on the screen.

The topic: coastal erosion investigated through a story that places humanity at its core.

So where could you go from here? One example was to look at where his “garden” was and where it is now. How long has it taken to erode? How long can James (Jimmy on a Sunday) realistically stay in his home?

Regardless of where we went with it, Hywel had us hooked; we were emotionally invested and would’ve gone anywhere on the learning journey with him. 

He went on to say any learning that is put in context and poses question or scenarios for children, gets a better investment and leads to better authentic outcomes. 

Listening to Hywel was mesmerising: what he said was all common sense and simple, but it was delivered with such passion and enthusiasm that it made it feel all more real. 

I highly recommend getting him to speak to your staff. Particularly in the current climate of curriculum reform. 

To finish where I started…

…your curriculum should be one of brains (knowledge), courage (risks) and heart. 

Maximising Pupil Premium Funding to ‘Close the Gap’

June 4, 2018

|@iTeachPri

Over the past two years, we have made great strides in ensuring that pupil premium funding is used as effectively as possible to help close the attainment gap between the school’s disadvantaged pupils and their peers.

Recently we were asked to share our strategies with Rachael Gacs, a member of the Inspiring Leaders team. You can read the published article below:

Or check out the interview here:

Wellbeing, workload and well… running!

February 26, 2018

|@iTeachPri

“Teachers’ workload is too high, with various organisations – including the DfE – reporting teachers, working in-excess of 55+ hour weeks just to keep on top of their day-to-day workload.”

Ross Morrison McGill (@TeacherToolkit)

Over a year ago now, I worked with a few of our governors and the deputy headteacher to champion a whole school Health & Wellbeing Policy, which would encompass work/life balance. The Association of Teachers & Lecturers defines work/life balance as being “essentially about choice and flexibility, balancing life and work, balancing the needs of both the school and teachers and the optimum environment for high performance and satisfaction at all levels.” (2004)

Since then, teacher work/life balance has been the hot topic of conversation amongst senior leaders, local government and indeed politicians at a national level and prompted the DfE to launch The Workload Challenge consultation on the TES website ran between 22 October and 21 November 2014, and asked three open questions:

  1. Tell us about the unnecessary and unproductive tasks which take up too much of your time. Where do these come from?
  2. Send us your solutions and strategies for tackling workload – what works well in your school?
  3. What do you think should be done to tackle unnecessary workload – by government, by schools or by others?

“The survey generated more than 44,000 returns. The same themes were raised again and again by the profession as the key drivers of unnecessary and unproductive workload, including Ofsted and the pressure it places on school leaders (whether real or perceived), and from government – as well as hours spent recording data, marking and lesson-planning.” (DfE source)

In the consultation stages of devising our policy, staff reported the main factors affecting their health and wellbeing were:

  • Marking
  • Completing admin tasks
  • Demands of the job

Bearing this in mind, and taking notice of local and national guidance, our policy went through the drafting process and was adopted by the governors and staff in September 2016. You can read the current version of it here.

But does having a policy actually make a difference to the health and wellbeing of staff?  

As both a class teacher and member of the Senior Leadership Team, I always pride myself on being an excellent role model for everything we do as a school – teaching and learning, classroom environment, books, pupil progress etc etc. But when it came to role modelling a health work/life balance, I’ll be honest, I really struggled. The demands of the role(s) meant I had to get a lot done in a finite amount of time. Because of that, through my own choice, I would arrive to work early (normally [well] before 7) and leave when the caretaker kicked me out at 6pm. This meant that I would sometimes get most of what I needed to get done, done! I would, however, find myself taking things home, normally my books – 33 English and 33 maths. I was working well in excess of 12 hours a day.

Now it was my choice to progress to the position I have, and I do not regret a single choice I have made. I thoroughly enjoy every aspect of my job and am privileged to have had the opportunity to do so this early in my career. However, I had a very work heavy work/life balance.

In September 2017, having been in my role since the previous April, I pledged to do something about re-balancing my work/life balance. Again, this didn’t happen. After much reflection (ironically!!) I realised why – I was not prioritising my work/life balance. I was “used” to what I did on a daily basis and I had, quite simply, come to accept that it was normal.

After this epiphany, I decided that actually I wasn’t too happy with the situation and so, conveniently timed to coincide with New Year, I took up running (again).  

I began by Park Running on a Saturday – a free 5k timed run around a local course – but this went no way to alleviate my workload or establish more of a work/life balance… nonetheless, it was a start.

Midway through January, the Head (a fellow Park Runner) showed me a flier for The Great Northern Run in Derby in March. 10k? A bit of a step up from the weekly 5k; this would require a more rigorous training schedule! So, dedicated to both the run and levelling the balance between work and home, I signed up and began to follow the Bupa Intermediate 10k training plan.

Having paid my £17, I was determined to follow the plan, which meant training on a Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday. Now, we’ve established that the Saturday and Sunday are fine; the days that would cause a potential problem were Tuesday and Wednesday.

Well today is February 25th and I’m still sticking to the plan. And here’s how I achieved it:

  • Looked at my planning for a Tuesday and how I planned to mark the learning.
  • Planned more in-class intervention marking.
  • Used the whole class feedback sheet (as pioneered by colleagues like @primarypercival)
  • Experimented with recorded feedback via Vocal Recall.
  • Switched to marking one set of books the following morning.

By looking closely at how I managed my workload and my time, I was able to get rid of some superfluous activities and focus my efforts on the important things.

The quality of my marking is the same (if not better in places) and my class have responded very enthusiastically to my different feedback methods.

I may have shot myself in the foot, though! After the 10k in March, I’ve signed up for a 12.5k in May and a half marathon in June. 

Moving to a whole class shared reading model.

February 24, 2018

|@iTeachPri

Over the last few years, the raised expectation has hit all core subject in the primary curriculum; ask any primary practitioner and I’m pretty sure they’ll say that reading has been the biggest uphill struggle, both in terms of ensuring the attainment pupils make and the progress.

Up and down the country, for years on end, teachers advocated the Guided Reading model, which (excuse the flippant description here) gave between 6 and 8 children approximately 20 minutes of focussed teacher time per week, whilst the remaining children in the class (at least 22 children on average) completed what I call a “holding task” that normally entailed practising spelling, an independent reading comprehension or silent reading to themselves. All of which, unfortunately, had little impact on their learning – Reading or otherwise.

Much research has been done into the allocation of curriculum time, the most comprehensive of which is the OECD Education at a Glance in 2013.

It showed that whilst reading, writing and literature accounted for 26% of curriculum time, only around 8% of this time was dedicated to the teaching of reading.

Logic tells us that dedicating approximately 17% of our time to maths and writing will yield better outcomes in those subjects, ensure better attainment and lead to enter progress.

Guided reading obviously was not working. This was confirmed with our 2016 End of KS2 with only 31% of our Year 6 cohort achieving the Expected Standards (EXS).

Having heard a great deal about shared reading, this was a natural area to investigate. And so we did, well our Teaching and Learning Lead (now Assistant Head for Whole School Development) go to work on setting up a curriculum for reading.

We were fortunate that we had some flexibility in our lesson timings and identified that the morning could be altered to include an extra lesson: a dedicated, daily reading lesson.

After much research, based heavily around Reading Reconsidered by Doug Lemov (@Doug_Lemov), we designed a curriculum that promoted high expectations of the teaching of reading and that would hopefully boost attainment and progress by the end of KS2.

Initially rolled out to Y5 and Y6, our reading curriculum focussed on 4 key aspects:

1. Reading harder texts – A steady exposure to harder texts and to the experience of struggling, over the years leading up to KS2 and beyond is critical to the success of a reader. Below is a selection of text which we presently use in KS2:

2. Close reading texts rigorously –Close reading is providing children with a set of tools readers will use to “solve” text when it is challenging and out of their comfort zone. For us, this focussed on a Reader’s Toolkit and Marking Key.

3. Reading more non-fiction – Non-fiction poses a special set of challenges. It relies more on background knowledge and is among the most useful tools in building background knowledge. When unfamiliar, they create yet another barrier to comprehension.

4. Writing in response to reading – Writing for reading. Writing is the “coin of the realm”. True, learning to write directly in response to reading develops the skills of writing but, more importantly, it shapes what children take from the text.

Our model evolved considerably over the first academic year of its introduction. We refined and developed the planning format, which, in its current form, includes the following aspects:

Hook – how do you gain that instant buy in from pupils? We sometimes use a video clip, an image or pose a question.

Open Response – this is a read of the section of text under scrutiny during the lesson. The reading is done aloud by pupils, pre-selected* and at random, as well as the teacher, modelling effective reading. It is important to note here that every pupil has their own copy of the text and tracks the text with a pencil, held upside down. This can be easily flipped to “stop and jot”. Not only does this promote engagement, but encourages accountability as pupils are actively encouraged to “mark-up the text”. This is done with a set of common annotation marks know as our “reading toolkit”. (https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/reader-s-toolkit-for-marking-up-a-text-11712272)

Zoom In – after the open response, a smaller section of text is chosen for detail scrutiny. As a School, we chose the reading skills that we needed to develop in our pupils.

  • Word building
  • Retrieve and record
  • Inference
  • Summarise
  • Predict/compare/explain

Written response – each lesson must result in pupils providing a written response to what they have read. This can be an independent response, a paired response, group response or a whole class, agreed response. To mark/assess these responses, we tend to use self and peer assessment based on a set of criteria as we were acutely aware that by adding another lesson into a teacher’s timetable, it would create another set of books to mark.

Having started the model with only Year 5 and Year 6, it became very clear that the model of shared reading could be applied to Lower Key Stage 2 and by Christmas of 2016, years 3 to 6 were working on the same model. Moreover, colleagues in KS1 have experimented with shared reading and are currently integrating guided reading with shared reading.

So, I’ve gone the whole post without mentioning “impact”. We took a risk abandoning what we knew in the hope that it would have an impact on our end of KS2 results. In one academic year, our results in reading went from a disappointing 31% EXS+ to an impressive 63% EXS+.

Although not completely down to the change from Guided to Shared Reading, it did contribute significantly to our improvements, something which we can now maintain and improve on year on year.

Learning Behaviours and Growth Mindset: The impact of a whole school initiative.

November 19, 2017

|@iTeachPri

In September 2015, as part of my whole school research project following my Middle Leaders Training Programme, our school introduced what we called Learning Behaviours. Heavily influenced by Guy Claxton’s building learning powers, we used similar principles to create a bespoke model that met our exact needs at the time. Initially, implementing Guy Claxton’s model would have been an “easy option” but, given our context, cohorts and staffing model, would have probably failed within the initial few months owing to complex nature of the system.

Claxton says “it is about creating a climate or a culture in the classroom – and in the school more widely – that systematically cultivates habits and attitudes that enable young people to face difficulty and uncertainty calmly, confidently and creatively” (2010)

So we went back to the drawing board and posed a question: what do we want our learners to be? After much discussion and a “short” list of about 15 qualities, we narrowed it down to four key Learning Behaviours that we felt would serve our pupils well both in their school career and later in in life. Those Learning Behaviours are:

  • Respect
  • Responsibility
  • Confidence
  • Resilience

For me, reslience in learning is key and with this, children will develop the others naturally. Respect, of course, is a more holistic quality, which can certainly be developed in terms of learning, but is much more wide reaching.

“Resilience in the face of difficulty is one of the basic ingredients of learning power.” (Claxton, 2010)

The next stage of the process was to introduce these to all key stakeholders: staff, pupils, parents and governors. We wanted to ensure that everyone in the wider school community had a crystal-clear, shared understanding of what our Learning Behaviours were and what they looked like in our school.

The following few weeks involved INSET seminars, staff training, guest speakers, whole school launch days (mixing up the entire school for an immersive day of resilience training), parents meetings and governors meetings. I’m happy to say that these were exceptionally well received and provided us with a solid platform on which to develop our model.

One aspect of the model had been bugging me from the off: how would we measure the impact of the project? As one thing I’ve learned over my career so far is if it’s not having an impact, stop!

Measuring the impact of a English or maths based intervention is, in most cases, straightforward – data measure at the start, intervention takes places, data measure at the end. Done! Measuring confidence and resilience, however, would be a bigger challenge.

After a strategic meeting with a seasoned School Improvement Advisor, she suggested looking at the PASS Questionnaire (Pupils Attitude to Self and School) published by GL Assessments (https://www.gl-assessment.co.uk/products/pupil-attitudes-to-self-and-school-pass/)

This tool measured 9 key aspects of a pupils’ attitudes (basically, it does what it says on the tin!)

The responses are averaged against a national benchmark and ranked in terms of a satisfactory scale:

From here, a comprehensive report analyses the responses of each child as well as the subgroups they belong to (i.e. gender, ethnic group, FSM, PP etc) and provides you with a  detailed understadning of each learner.

The table below shows the whole cohort profile and indicates that children’s self-regard as a learner and response to curriculum demands are considerably lower than the other seven factors.

This allows staff to plan a relevant and targeted response to the individual needs of the child.

This comprehensive questionnaire will be completed again at the end of the academic year to track progress.

So how does this link to the original topic of this blog – Learning Behaviours and Growth Mindset?

Well after spending an academic year embedding our learning behaviours and continually assessing their impact through pupil voice interviews, questionnaires, structured conversations with parents and evidence gathered from lesson observations and book looks, we were happy that we could develop the initiative further. For us, the next step would be to introduce the concept of Growth Mindset.

Now I hear some of you already say “Growth Mindset, that educational fad” but believe me, we are not in the business of trying things for the sake of them; we will only embark on a project or initiative if we are sure there will be an gain for our children – and by gain, we mean either in terms of attainment academically or socially, or, in the best case, both.

After researching the work of Carol Dweck (www.mindsetonline.com) and listening to a fascinating Ted Talk titled “The power of believing that you can improve” (watch it here) I was convinced that with a bit of work, the concept of Growth Mindset could work for our children.

Given the work we had already done on building resilience, it made sense to introduce Growth Mindset within the realm of something the children were familiar with.

By launching our Growth Mindset initiative on International Dot Day using the phrase, I can’t do it…yet the children bought into the idea immediately. The day then allowed children to explore the concept of Growth Mindset in more detail by looking at:

  • The language of Growth Mindset
  • Strategies to employ when you get “stuck” in your learning
  • Challenges that build resilience
  • Art work based around “make a mark and see where it takes you”

The result was incredible: children from Year 1 through to Year 6 had a shared understanding of what Growth Mindset meant for them and where they were on their learning journey, a common vernacular that they could employ when discussing their strengths and areas for development in their learning and stretegies they could employ when they got “stuck” in their learning. Not bad for a days work.

But how do we make this sustainable and how do we measure impact?

Having been recommended a great read titled The Growth Mindset Coach: a teacher’s month-by-month handbook for empowering students to achieve, this provided me with an easily accessible, quality assured bank of strategies, activities and challenges for embedding Growth Mindset.

In short, we chose an element of Growth Mindset we felt best developed our children’s understanding (not necessarily in calendar order) and delivered these to staff, who in term, found an afternoon session or a series of afternoon session to deliver these to children. The strategies were then applied to all learning experiences to promote cross-over between curriculum areas. A neat, compact and self-contained way of minimising excess workload for staff but ensuring maximum impact on the children’s learning.

So there’s sustainability covered. What about impact?

Again, measuring impact on such a qualatitive area of learning is challenging but, as mentioned earlier, through structured conversations, pupil voice questionnaires and the eviidence gathered from lesson observations and book looks, children’s (and teachers) attitudes to their learning had become more positive; they were more willing to make mistakes and felt confident that they had a bank of strategies they could call upon to help them help themselves.

It will be interesting to measure the difference in children’s attitudes, particularly their “self-regard as a learner” and their “response to curriculum demands” in the follow up PASS Questionnaire.